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Bookkeeping for eCommerce Business: A Comprehensive Guide for 2024

Posted on 22/04/2024

Starting an online business typically does not include immediately plunging into ecommerce bookkeeping & accounting. However, understanding your financial situation is critical for success and maintaining a flourishing firm.

Financial difficulties, such as cash flow issues, eCommerce bookkeeping, or price errors, frequently lead to the failure of e-commerce businesses.

Even if you’re a whiz with numbers, there’s always more to learn about e-commerce accounting to keep your online store’s books clean and correct.

We’ll walk you through the fundamentals of e-commerce accounting, including complications, bookkeeping practices, critical financial reports, and key KPIs for your firm. Let’s get started.


Ecommerce bookkeeping entails handling and documenting financial transactions unique to online firms.

It entails managing sales, expenses, inventories, and numerous online payment methods while navigating complexity such as multiple sales channels, different tax consequences, and technology tools specific to the online retail world.


Transaction Volume

E-commerce enterprises typically have a higher volume of transactions than physical stores. Bookkeeping for eCommerce deals with continual sales, refunds, and online payments, making it more difficult to track and manage.

Complexity of Sales Channels

When you manage an online business, it’s only natural to sell your products on multiple platforms (such as your website, Amazon, and eBay), each with its own set of transactions and costs. Managing several channels complicates bookkeeping compared to a single physical store.

Inventory Management

E-commerce necessitates rigorous inventory tracking across multiple locations, and it frequently involves drop shipping or stock management at multiple warehouses. This intricacy necessitates more precise inventory management in bookkeeping.

Sales Tax and Compliance

One of the primary objectives of beginning an e-commerce business is to reach out to customers in other states or nations. However, this can result in a variety of tax consequences and compliance needs.

Navigating these tax standards and remaining compliant is more difficult than running a local store with simple tax requirements.

Technology & Tools

E-commerce primarily relies on technology and specialized sales, payments, and inventory management software.

Professional business bookkeeping services comprehend and incorporate these technologies into your accounting procedures. These tools are notably different from those utilized in typical stores.


E-commerce accounting and bookkeeping include several crucial components. This includes:

Sales Tracking

Recording all online sales transactions, including those from various platforms or websites.

Expense Management

Tracking expenses such as supplier costs, advertising, shipping, and any other costs associated with operating an online store.

Inventory Control

Inventory management across numerous channels and locations includes tracking stock levels, orders, and returns.

Payment Processing

Recording the various payment methods used in online transactions, such as credit cards, digital wallets, and other online payment systems.

Tax Compliance

Navigating multiple tax legislation, including sales tax, in the various regions or countries where the company operates.

Financial Reporting

Creating reports that assess the financial health of the company, such as profit and loss statements, cash flow reports, and balance sheets.

Technology Integration

Using specialized software and tools to improve process efficiency, manage sales channels, and correctly track financial data.


Now that you understand the intricacies of accounting and bookkeeping for eCommerce, as well as their critical significance, let’s look at the daily duties required for handling finances in an online firm.

Here’s a list of crucial actions required to keep a financially stable and compliant business:

  • Sales Tracking and Categorization: Keep a close check on sales transactions to ensure accuracy in documenting sales income, taxes, shipping fees, and any applicable discounts.
  • Expense Monitoring and Categorization: Keep track of all business-related expenses, from advertising and shipping to inventory and software charges, and ensure they are properly categorized.
  • Handling returns, refunds, and chargebacks: Proper accounting for these transactions ensures that your balance sheets remain accurate.
  • Reconciling bank and credit accounts: Give your data a once-over, comparing it to bank statements, to identify any differences and swiftly resolve them.
  • Creating financial statements: Utilize your recorded data to create income statements, cash flow statements, balance sheets, and other critical financial statements.
  • Analyzing financial performance: Take the time to analyze key financial data such as gross and net profit margins, as well as inventory turnover, to identify patterns, areas for growth, and prospective possibilities.
  • Tax Management: Plan for income tax filings and ensure that e-commerce sales tax is properly collected and remitted to the appropriate authorities.
  • Maintaining a Business Budget: A budget allows you to plan for future expenses and navigate seasonal swings more efficiently.

Types of Methods Used in E-Commerce Accounting

In the final half of this blog, we’ll look at the different types of accounting used in e-commerce businesses.

Cash Basis Accounting

This method documents transactions in which money physically moves, such as when a sale is completed or an expense is paid. It’s straightforward and tracks actual cash movement into and out of the firm.

Accrual Basis Accounting

Transactions are recorded as they occur, regardless of when money changes hands. For example, a sale is recorded when the order is placed, rather than when the payment is received.
It provides a more thorough view of the company’s financial health. This accounting is very advantageous to e-commerce enterprises.

Inventory Accounting Methods

Inventory management is a common aspect of e-commerce. Inventory expenses are estimated using methods such as FIFO (First-In, First-Out) and LIFO (Last-In, First-Out), which have an impact on reported profit.


In conclusion, e-commerce accounting is more than simply statistics; it serves as a guide to help firms succeed. Professional business bookkeeping services may help you manage online sales, grasp complex financial rules, and use numbers wisely. As a result, your organization will be able to grow more effectively in this extremely competitive industry.

Are you looking for professional accounting and bookkeeping services? Velan Bookkeeping is here to assist you in managing your e-commerce finances.

We’re here to help you organize your finances and prepare for growth, from sales management to financial metrics analysis.

Velan Outsourced bookkeeping may be a reliable ally in the world of e-commerce, whether you’re a new entrepreneur entering the digital market or an experienced online merchant looking to optimize your financial tactics.

Topics: Bookkeeping Services




About the Author:

Pramod has over 11 years of experience relating to finance and accounts in diversified industries. He is an expert in resource and process optimization resulting in greater operational efficiencies.

Author can be reached at [email protected]

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