Velan Bookkeepers Manage Books Worth Over $1 Billion Velan is in the 17th Year of Business Offering Accounting & Bookkeeping Services Velan Delivers Outsourced Bookkeeping & Accounting Services to Clients Nationwide Velan Offers Accounting & Bookkeeping Services to Small, Medium to Fortune 500 Companies Velan Bookkeepers Have Expertise in Multiple Software Platforms Including QuickBooks, Xero, Sage, FreshBooks, Myob & Accounting CS Velan Offers Bookkeeping Services to Clients in Various Industries Including CPA Firms, SMEs, Retailers, Non-Profit Organizations, Real Estate & Property Management.

Mastering Property Management Bookkeeping: Essential Strategies for Financial Success

Posted on 13/03/2024

Property management entails the external supervision of properties on a routine basis. A property manager or property management firm constitutes this third party.

This guide will explore the best practices and tools for managing financial activities in Bookkeeping for Property Management. We will explore the benefits of employing a virtual bookkeeping assistant for property management firms to enhance efficiency in accounting processes, save time, and maintain precise financial reporting.

Mastering Property Management Bookkeeping: A Comprehensive Guide

  • Accounting for Rental Income and Expenses: Best Practices and Considerations
  • Tenant Ledger Management: Maintaining Accurate Records and Streamlining Operations
  • Records and paperwork Original Blog: Maintain Accurate Records
  • Budgeting for Property Maintenance and Repairs: Strategies for Effective Cost Management
  • Vendor Payment Processing and Invoice Management: Streamlining Operations and Enhancing Efficiency
  • Security Deposit Tracking and Reconciliation: Ensuring Compliance and Transparency
  • Reserve Fund Accounting for Property Improvements: Planning for Long-Term Maintenance Needs
  • CAM (Common Area Maintenance) Charges Reconciliation: Fair and Transparent Practices for Tenants
  • Why are CAM charges and reconciliation important?
  • Rent Roll Management and Analysis: Maximizing Revenue and Optimizing Occupancy Rates
  • Lease Agreement Tracking and Management: Ensuring Compliance and Facilitating Tenant Relations
  • Software Solutions for Property Management Bookkeeping: Leveraging Technology for Financial Success
  • How does technology aid property management?
  • Conclusion: Key Takeaways for Successful Property Management and Bookkeeping

Accounting for Rental Income and Expenses: Best Practices and Considerations

Bookkeeping and accounting require several steps for a real estate rental collection strategy. How these tasks are usually done:

  • Chart of Accounts: Create a detailed chart of accounts for your real estate rental business. This chart organizes your operations’ income, expenses, assets, liabilities, and equity. Rental income, property expenses and mortgage liabilities are common accounts.
  • Record Rental Income: Register all tenant rental income. Note the amount, date, and source of each payment. Rental income, late fees, and other revenue sources must be distinguished.
  • Keep Track of Expenses: Record all real estate rental expenses. This includes property maintenance, repairs, management fees, insurance, taxes, utilities, and other property management costs. Classify expenses for accurate financial reporting.
  • Depreciation: Apply appropriate methods to account for the gradual wear and tear of property and assets. Consult a tax professional to comply with depreciation tax regulations.
  • Bank Reconciliation: Regularly reconcile bank statements with financial records. By doing this, it is ensured that every transaction is accurately documented and that any errors are fixed.
  • Financial Statements: Make regular income, balance, and cash flow statements. These statements show your rental business’s assets, liabilities, and cash flow. They are crucial for business decision-making and profitability analysis.

Tenant Ledger Management: Maintaining Accurate Records and Streamlining Operations

All landlord-tenant rent payments are recorded in a rent ledger. It records rent payments and balances.

A typical tenant rent ledger includes:

  • Rent-paying tenant: property address for rent payment.
  • Monthly rent: Due.
  • Rent due date.
  • Rent payment date.
  • Cash, check, online, etc.
  • Rent receipt number, if applicable.
  • Late rent fees.
  • Additional costs: Additional parking, utility, or pet fees
  • Extra rent or tenant comments.

Records and paperwork Original Blog: Maintain Accurate Records

Proactive asset management requires paperwork. This includes asset, detail, and change tracking. Records errors can lead to escheatment and other legal issues. Set up a consistent system for accurate records and documentation early.

Create a company record-keeping system for accuracy. Software or physical records may be needed to track assets and details. Allow everyone who needs records to use your system.

  • Keep detailed records: Asset management is difficult. Correctly record the asset’s location, condition, purchase date, value, and documentation. This aids audits, lawsuits, and asset tracking.
  • Audit regularly: Even with good record-keeping, audits ensure asset accounting and accuracy. Check assets and documentation to ensure they are where they should be.
  • Use asset management software: Some companies can record assets manually, but others may benefit. Many record-keeping tasks can be automated and asset status and location can be updated live.

Budgeting for Property Maintenance and Repairs: Strategies for Effective Cost Management

Every property management company needs budget planning to grow. Use these tips to make your budget session go smoothly.

  • Schedule Budget Planning

Planning occurs year-round. Make sure to allow time for material collection and approvals.

  • Account for Occupancy Changes

Occupancy can change at any time. To keep tenants, your team must understand their wants and needs.

  • Apply Work Order Data

Unwelcome equipment failures are inevitable. Being proactive by analyzing work order data for equipment repairs can help you manage your property management budget. Work order data is needed to determine company staffing, even if you manage rental properties.

  • Benchmark Operating Costs

The value of data without context is low. The best property management companies compare ex-operating expenses to their competitive portfolio to identify areas for improvement. A comparable point of comparison can help property managers justify and control costs to stay competitive.

Our Bookkeeping Experts are here to help.

Optimization of Budgeting and Cost Management with Data

Facility managers can improve efficiency, accuracy, and results by using data-driven budgeting and cost management.

How to implement data-driven decision-making?

Leveraging Data and Analytics: Data-driven decision-making starts with data collection and analysis. Historical maintenance data, performance metrics, financial records, and industry benchmarks can help facility managers understand operations and costs. Facility managers can analyze real-time data and make informed decisions by centralizing this information in CMMSs or facility management software.

Vendor Payment Processing and Invoice Management: Streamlining Operations and Enhancing Efficiency

Vendor invoice management is the systematic receipt, review, approval, and processing of vendor invoices. The process includes data extraction, verification, validation, coding, approval routing, and payment. On-time vendor payments reduce payment errors, fraud, and financial control with VIM. Vendor management and procurement software automates and optimizes these processes, increasing productivity.

  • VIM feature: invoice data

VIM systems can import invoice data from anywhere, in any format, into the ERP system. Without manual entry from paper, email, or electronic files, vendor invoice management integrates and enters data into ERP.

  • Automated Data Extraction

Intelligent Capture extracts invoice data from tens of thousands of examples in vendor management software. Supplier information, invoice numbers, item descriptions, and amounts are accurately captured without manual data entry. Automation speeds up, improves, and reduces data extraction errors.  Read More: AI Property Management Tools 2024

  • Improves approval and evaluation

By intelligently identifying and enriching invoices with missing information, vendor management cuts costs. Controlled and automated exception handling allows parallel approvals, escalations, invoice posting, and reporting.

  • Maintains workflow

The vendor management system supports predefined workflows with solid and expandable functionality. This reduces custom workflow development time and cost. Preconfigured VIM workflows for specific business needs to streamline invoice processing and ensure consistent and efficient approval processes.

  • Auto-invoicing/sorting

Based on user roles, authorization criteria, and schedules, automatic process steps prioritize, sort, and route exceptions to ensure only security-savvy users route and sort invoices.

  • Report

Organizations use pre-built reports and data models to act on their findings. Sort by company code, business unit, client, supplier, type of exception, liability, and more to determine the reports. These reports help businesses evaluate invoice management processes, identify trends, and make informed decisions to improve efficiency and financial performance.

Security Deposit Tracking and Reconciliation: Ensuring Compliance and Transparency

A tenant pays a landlord a security deposit to cover damages and unpaid rent at lease termination. This is standard in property management and rental agreements.

  • Register a security deposit as a Liability

This process requires entering the security deposit amount, receipt date, and purpose. Reporting security deposits as liabilities accurately is essential for financial transparency and accounting compliance.

  • Record security deposit income.

This meticulous process accounts for all financial transactions, including the security deposit, giving a complete picture of the company’s income and finances. QuickBooks simplifies income tracking and revenue source management for businesses. Clear income tracking helps decision-making by revealing the company’s financial performance.

  • Easy Security Deposit Liability Tracking

By precisely tracking and managing deposit liabilities, this feature aids businesses in increasing financial control and transparency. QuickBooks lets companies easily reconcile security deposit accounts to match financial records with deposit amounts. This simplified approach saves time and reduces errors and discrepancies, improving financial reporting and analysis.

  • Simplified Security Deposit Refunds

Recording security deposits in QuickBooks streamlines deposit refund management, improving financial controls and efficiency.

Streamlining deposit fund tracking improves financial management by increasing transparency and accuracy. Businesses can streamline the refund process for tenants and reduce administrative burdens by integrating deposit refund management into QuickBooks.

Reserve Fund Accounting for Property Improvements: Planning for Long-Term Maintenance Needs

Assets set aside by an individual or business to cover future expenses, especially unexpected ones. If the fund covers scheduled upgrades, less liquid assets may be used. A homeowner’s association may use dues to fund a reserve fund to maintain the community and its amenities.

  • Condominium or HOA Reserve Funds

Owner dues cover condo and HOA maintenance, repairs, and more. Funds are managed by the community association board. The board may pay biannual insurance with a reserve fund instead of an operating fund.

Members or owners may pay an assessment if a condominium’s reserve fund can’t cover a large expense. Emergency parking garage repairs may cost condominium owners more than association dues.

  • Reserve Studies, Fund Management

Maintain the building’s emergency reserve fund to avoid a special assessment. HOA boards use reserve studies to determine reserve fund amounts. Independent consultants evaluate a property’s condition and make financial and physical recommendations.

Experts evaluate the property’s age, condition, amenities, and maintenance costs. A reserve study’s final figure is a recommendation because condominiums and HOAs don’t always fund reserves.

CAM (Common Area Maintenance) Charges Reconciliation: Fair and Transparent Practices for Tenants

The lease usually specifies the lessee’s pro-rata CAM expense share. This metric is usually specified in the lease and calculated by dividing the tenant’s square footage by the building’s total. Pro-rata share distributes tenant costs fairly. In a shopping centre, the largest store pays more for security, landscaping, cleaning, parking lots, and common area maintenance.

CAM Reconciliation is necessary to estimate landlord-tenant shared expenses in real estate. Read more: Real Estate Bookkeeping and Accounting Services

In CAM reconciliation, landlords list shared expenses. The reconciliation may reimburse tenants for overpayments. If actual expenses exceed estimates, tenants may pay the difference.

CAM reconciliations are due 30 to 90 days after December 31st, depending on lease terms and agreements (hence “year-end CAM reconciliation”). Tenants can audit their leases after receiving the reconciliation statement to avoid overcharges.

Why are CAM charges and reconciliation important?

CAM reconciliation makes landlord-tenant common area maintenance and management costs transparent and fair. The process clarifies landlord-tenant costs and allocation. This improves landlord-tenant relations by distributing expenses fairly.

  • CAM reconciliation helps tenants.
  • CAM reimbursement is available to tenants whose monthly payments exceed CAM expenses or include excluded or capped expenses.
  • CAM reconciliation shows tenants their fair share of costs and may refund overpayments. A tenant can start CAM audits with reconciliation.

Rent Roll Management and Analysis: Maximizing Revenue and Optimizing Occupancy Rates

  • Fundamentals of Rent Roll.

Property manager rent rolls list all rental properties under their jurisdiction. Leases, rental income, and property management finances are covered.

Rent rolls demonstrate real estate portfolio health. It helps property managers maximize profits by tracking rental income, vacancies, and lease terms.

  • Maximizing rent rolls.

To maximize rent roll, property managers use various methods. Good tenant relations, competitive rental pricing, and effective marketing are essential. Incentives for on-time payments and lease renewals stabilize and increase rent roll profitability.

  • Efficient tech management.

Technology is changing rent roll management. Property management software automates rent collection, streamlines administration, and provides real-time financial data. Property managers can check their rent roll from anywhere with an internet connection using cloud platforms.

  • Analysis of Rent Rolls.

Key metrics are needed to analyze rent roll health. Useful metrics include occupancy, rent-to-income, and tenant retention. Property managers can evaluate market fluctuations, identify underperforming properties, and implement targeted strategies to improve portfolio performance.

  • A solution to rent roll management issues.

Rent roll management is difficult but crucial. Tenant turnover, late rent, and market volatility are common. Create effective communication channels, offer flexible lease terms, and stay current on market trends to overcome these issues and maintain a healthy rent roll.

Lease Agreement Tracking and Management: Ensuring Compliance and Facilitating Tenant Relations

Manage commercial and industrial leases by planning, executing, and monitoring. It requires knowledge of leasing law, finance, operations, and market trends that affect lease decisions.

Strategic lease management aids tenancy and landlord business goals like:

  • Cost reduction and ROI maximization
  • Improving output and performance
  • Increasing adaptability and scale
  • Risk and liability mitigation

Understanding leases

  • Gross lease: The landlord covers all costs and the tenant pays a flat rate.
  • The tenant pays base rent and expenses.
  • Base rent plus gross sales percentage.
  • Rent is periodically indexed.
  • Fixed-step leases increase rent by a certain percentage.

Facility Needs Assessment

Determine your space’s amount, type, location, and use. Some things to consider:

  • Your current and future staff
  • Your current and future business
  • Your layout and workflow preferences
  • Must be secure and accessible
  • When budgeting for leases and other costs, consider:
  1. Revenue and cash flow forecasts
  2. Capital spending now and later
  3. Options for debt and equity financing
  4. The tax implications and incentives
  5. Benchmarking, market research

Suitable Space

Search for space after determining your facility needs and budget. Consider:

Supplier, customer, competitor, and employee proximity

  • Road, air, and transit access.
  • Access to amenities
  • Security, reputation, and safety
  • Size, shape, condition, and setup

Negotiating Lease Terms

  • Evidence should be impartial.
  • Think creatively and compromise.

Common lease negotiation clauses that affect your rights and obligations include:

  • A landlord can raise rent periodically. Negotiate limits.
  • Operating costs are shared by landlords and tenants. Limit or exclude in negotiations.
  • Landlord helps tenants. Demand more allowance or lower rent.

Optimization and Cost Control of Leases

Improve facility service margins with lease management. Best lease terms and cost control:

  • Consider lease renewals and renegotiations.
  • Consider renewing, renegotiating, or moving before your lease expires.
  • Assess market conditions, business opportunities, and needs.

Due Care and Law

Legal compliance is another lease management consideration. This includes:

  • Lawyers say leases are complicated and binding. Consult a lawyer before changing or signing. Lawyers negotiate, defend, and prevent.
  • Facility inspections and assessments: Inspect the property before renting. Report issues and request fixes. Periodically check leases.


Offerings and risks: Subleasing rents leased space. It has risks and challenges but can save or make money. Consider the advantages and disadvantages

Lease exit and transition plan: Lease termination is costly and difficult. Planning your next facility and working with the landlord is crucial.

Property management companies need good tenant relations to maintain landlord-tenant relations and property success.

  • Tenant Acquisition and Screening: Property managers must find good tenants. This involves advertising vacancies, screening tenants, and selecting property-compliant tenants.
  • Lease Agreements: Property managers make sure leases are clear, legal, and tailored to the property. They explain lease terms and tenant rights and responsibilities.
  • Onboarding and Move-In: Tenant relations include helping tenants move in, inspecting the property, documenting its condition, and answering questions.
  • Communication: Good tenant relations depend on communication. Managers address lease issues, maintenance requests, and questions with tenants.
  • Rent Collection: Property management companies collect rent on time and handle delinquencies per leases and laws.
  • Maintenance and Repairs: Tenants expect cleanliness. Property managers respond to tenant concerns and coordinate with contractors for maintenance and repairs.
  • Conflict Resolution: Debates between tenants or between tenants and property owners are tenant relations. Property managers settle disputes to maintain harmony.

Software Solutions for Property Management Bookkeeping: Leveraging Technology for Financial Success

Property management can be tedious, but technology can help.

Technology has changed property managers’ roles. Property management goes beyond maintenance and rent collection. Consider how technology can help property management. Look into it.

Property management

Hidden property management keeps real estate investments profitable and organized. It goes beyond rent and tap repairs. Choosing tenants, following the law, and managing finances are covered.

How do I manage properties?

Property managers screen tenants, repair, track finances, and stay current on laws. Good systems, like property management software, keep things organized and running smoothly.

How does technology aid property management?

Automating rent collection is great. Automatic rent collection with property management software simplifies finances. This reduces administrative work and human error by ensuring timely payments.

Property-management tech types

One of the most comprehensive property management software, PayProp, simplifies rental payment collection. PayProp informs landlords and tenants about rent.

Discover Professional Bookkeepers Near You

Types of property management technology:

Virtual tour software. Matterport virtual tours let tenants see properties without visiting. This helps international and long-distance tenants.

  • Digital lease signing.

A physical signature is no longer required to close. Secure and legally binding DocuSign digital signatures enable remote lease signing and faster tenant onboarding.

  • Tenant screening.

Digital tenant screening quickly and thoroughly checks backgrounds. TPN and these platforms combine credit and criminal records.

  • Payment Gateways.

To simplify rent collection, property management systems can integrate Square payment gateways. Transaction management is secure, fast, and trackable with these platforms.

  • Management tools for maintenance.

RedRabbit streamlines repair reporting, scheduling, and tracking.

  • Cloud-stored documents.

Google Drive or Dropbox can store leases, invoices, and maintenance records for easy access and backup.

  • Using Property Management Technology

Before adopting any technology, evaluate current processes and systems. Choose technology based on pain points and improvement areas.

  • Mind Your Budget

Your budget should reflect your objectives. Some solutions cost more upfront, but their long-term benefits in streamlining operations may justify it.

  • Check Vendors

Consider features, usability, customer support, and scalability when comparing technology vendors. Checking reviews and references can help.

  • Test the tech.

Consider testing the technology with a smaller team or property set before implementing it. Performance evaluation, feedback, and adjustment.

  • Integrating and Migrating Data

Integrate new technology with existing systems. Data migration is a big step, so transfer all relevant data securely and accurately.

Conclusion: Key Takeaways for Successful Property Management and Bookkeeping

Property management encompasses a myriad of diverse tasks. That is why numerous landlords delegate this task to an accounting firm. Nevertheless, numerous individuals opt to invest in dependable accounting software and independently manage their financial records. Even without prior knowledge of financial statements, it is possible to acquire the skills necessary for property management bookkeeping.

Accounting platforms are highly intuitive and enable users to efficiently oversee their business bank account, maintain crucial financial records, and document rental cash flow and deductible expenses.

It is crucial to maintain the invoice and receipt management system meticulously and prepare for unforeseen expenses. Ultimately, you possess a business account with a specific purpose. Mere occasional glances are insufficient. Regular reconciliation can have a significant impact.

Secure Your Financial Future with Our Trusted Bookkeepers

Topics: Real Estate Bookkeeping




About the Author:

Pramod has over 11 years of experience relating to finance and accounts in diversified industries. He is an expert in resource and process optimization resulting in greater operational efficiencies.

Author can be reached at [email protected]

Quick Connect With Us